GAMBARAN MOTIVASI INTERNAL PADA ANAK SOCIAL WITHDRAWAL USIA PRASEKOLAH

Tita Rosita

Abstract


This study aims to obtain a description of internal motivation of social withdrawal children in the school environment and know emotional and social life of social withdrawal children. The method used in this research is qualitative with case study design. Data collection techniques used are observation, interview, and documentation. The result of case analysis based on this study shows that case I is associated with emotional aspect dysregulation which is specifically related to fear, anxiety, and embarrassment. While case II concerns non-fearful aspects of solitary activities. The result of this study shows that factors that affect social withdrawal in preschoolers are health conditions, parent's personality, and family environment.


Keywords


social withdrawal, preschool children, children social development

References


Arikunto Suharsimi. (2003). Manajemen Penelitian Edisi Baru. Jakarta: PT. Asdi Mahasatya.

Achenbach, T.M & Edelbrock, C. (1981). Behavioral problems and competencies reported by parents of normal and disturbed children age 4-16. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 46 (Serial No. 1887), 88.

Asendropf, J.B. (1993). Abnormal Shyness In Children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 1069-1081.

Coplan, R. J., Findlay, L.C., & nelson, L.J. (2004). Characteristics of preschoolers with lower perceived competence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psichology, 32, 399-408.

Coplan, R. J,. Arbeau, K.A., & Armer, M. (2008). Don’t fret, be supportive: Material characteristics linking child shyness to psychosocial and school adjustment in kindergarten. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 359-371.

Coplan J. Robert & Rubin H. Kenneth. (2010). The Development of Shyness And Social Withdrawal, New York London: The Guildford Press.

Dumas, J.E, LaFrenière, P.J., & Serketich, W.J. (1995). “Balance of Power”: A transactional analysis of control in mother-child dyads involving socially competens, aggressive, and anxious children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 104-113.

Gazelle, H., & Ladd, G. (2003). Anxious solitude and peer exclucion: A diathesis-stress model of internalizing trajectories in childhood. Child Development, 74 (1), 257-278.

Hurlock, EB. (1978). Perkembangan Anak. Jilid I. (Alih bahasa: Med Meitasari T dan Muslichah Z). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Hurlock, EB. (1997). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan Edisi Kelima. Jakarta: Erlangga.

McShane, K. E & Hastings, P. D. (2009). Psychological control in parent of preschoolers: Implication for behavior in early child care setting. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33. DOI: 10.1177/0165025409103874.

Mead G. H. (1934). Mind, Self, and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Minichiello, Victor. (1995). In-Depth Interviewing Second Edition. Mc. Graw-Hill, Inc.

Moleong. L.J. (2007). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Morison, P., & Masten, A.S. (1991). Peer reputation in middle childhood as a predictor of adaptation in adolescence: A seven-year follow-up. Child Development, 62 (5), 991-1007.

Piaget, J. (1926). The Language And The Thought Of The Child. London: Routlege & Kegan Paul.

Plomin, R. & Rowe, D.C. (1977). A twin study of temprament in young children. Journal of psychology, 97, 107-113.

Poerwandari, E.Kristi. (2005). Pendektan Kualitatif untuk Penelitian Perilaku Manusia. Depok: LPSP3 Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia.

Rubin, K.H., Mills, R.S.L,. & Krasnosr, L.R. (1989). Parental beliefs and children’s social competence. In B. Schneider, G. Atili, J. Nadel, & R. Weissberg (Eds), Social Competence in Development Perspective (pp. 313-331). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer International.

Rubin, K.H., Hastings, P.D., Stewart, S.L., Henderson, H.A., dan Chen, X. (1997). The consistency and concomitants of inhibition: Some of the children, all of the time. Child Develoment, 68, 467- 483.

Santrock, W. Jhon. (2002). Live-Span Development, Perkembangan Masa Hidup Jilid 1. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Scarr, S. (1969). Social introvertion-extrovertion as a hetitable response. Child Development, 40, 823-832.

Silberg, J.L., San Miguel, V.F., Murelle, E., Prom, E., Bates, J.E., Canino, G., et al. (2005). Genetic and environmental influences on tremprament in the first year of life: The Puerto Rico Infant Twin Study (PRINTS). Twin Research and Human Genetics, 8(4), 328-336.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22460/q.v2i1p41-50.644

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 16 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.