• Dea Anggriani Arda Universitas Negeri Medan
  • Ayu Iga Ardini Universitas Negeri Medan
  • Dwi Ayu Chairinisa Universitas Negeri Medan
  • Friska Indria Nora Universitas Negeri Medan
  • Sudirman Sudirman Universitas Negeri Medan



Literacy Education, Caper Method, Learning Citizens


This research was conducted with the aim of analyzing the learning methods used for basic literacy learning at the Pergulaan Village Learning House, Sei Rampah District, Serdang Bedagai Regency. In this study, the method used is descriptive qualitative method. In collecting data, researchers used interview techniques with home learning educators and direct observation in the village of Pergulaan. The interviews conducted were unstructured interviews. After analyzing the learning at the learning house in the sugar village, the researchers found that the learning house in the sugar village used the Caper (Beginning Reading) method. The results obtained with this method are that children are more interested in learning because they don't feel bored and with the Caper method it can be seen the effectiveness of the learning process, namely from around 12 residents studying at this learning house one month after being taught using the Caper learning method (Beginning Reading) there are 5 learning residents who can read. This means that using the caper learning method is quite effective in improving the reading skills of the learning citizens.


Anis, DZ & Murtiningsih, S. Structural Synthetic Analytic As A Method To Improve Reading Skills Of Elementary School Students. Journal of Thought and Basic Education, 152-160.

Ayuningtyas, L., Indrianti, DT, & Hilmi, MI (2019). Implementation of Synthetic Analytical Structural Methods in Functional Literacy Programs in Jember Regency. Journal of Out-of-School Education, 3(2), 66-69.

Hartini, AR, Sumarno, Hiryanto. (2012). The Impact Of Literature Education On Family Socio-Economic Level.Journal of Diklus, 16(2), 173-179.

Kuntoro, SA (2007). Literacy Education to Educate Community Life. PTK-PNF Vision Scientific Journal, 2(1), 23-27.

Kusnadi, W. D & Raharjan, W. (2009). Functional Literacy in Indonesia: Concept, Strategy and Implementation. Jakarta. Mustika Aksara.

MA. IB (2014). Management of Functional Literacy Programs to Eradicate Illiteracy in Petissari, Babaksari, Dukun, Gresik. Journal of Islamic Education. 4(1). 56-84.

Nurazizah, N. (2018). Development of Basic Literacy Education Learning Tools Based on Local Wisdom in Remote Indigenous Communities (Kat) of the Meratus Dayak Tribe. Journal of Scientific Vision of PGTK PAUD and Dikmas, 13(2), 123-133.

Oktapani, M. (2020). Process Evaluation of Basic Literacy Education Programs Discrepancy Evaluation Model Perspective. ALIGNMENT : Journal of Administration and Educational Management, 3(1), 55-65.

Pertiwi, RP, Dewi, SEK, & Krisdayanti, Y. Illiteracy Development Using the Sas Method in Rejo Sari Village, Village 1, 78-85.

Permana, IY (2021). Basic Literacy Education Literacy Disaster Mitigation. Journal of Akrab, 12(1), 18-27.

Rinawati, NKA (2020). Increasing Learning Motivation By Playing Cards in Basic Literacy Programs.AKRAB journal, 11(2), 52-61.

Sugiyono. 2008. Qualitative Quantitative Research Methods and R&D. Bandung : ALFABETA

Sumardi, K. (2008). The Basic Literacy Learning Model Uses a Combination of Reflect, Lea, and Pre Methods. Journal of Scientific vision of PTK-PNF, 3(2), 107-119.

Supriyadi. 1996. Indonesian Language Education 2. Jakarta. Depdikbud: Open University.

Sutrisno. (2020). Learning Basic Literacy PKBM Bina Sekar Melati in Triharjo Village, Pandak District, Bantul. DIKLUS: Journal of Outdoor Education, 4(2), 135-146.

Al-Rawi. I. (2013). Teaching Methodology and its Effects on Quality Learning. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(6), 100-105.