CONCEPTUALIZATIONS AND SCHEMATIZATIONS OF HEAD METAPHORS: A CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR THEORY

Asnita Sirait (1*)
Lia Maulia Indrayani (2)
Rosaria Mita Amalia (3)
Thomson Radesman Lingga (4)


(1) Universitas Katolik Parahyangan, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Padjajaran, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Padjajaran, Indonesia
(4) Universitas Kebangsaan Indonesia, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Abstract


Human’s head takes the most important part in human’s part of body which leads to the frequent use of  head in language uses. This study therefore aims to investigate how head is conceptualized through the use of metaphor in Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) and how the conceptual metaphors are projected through image schemas. The data were obtained  from Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) as a rich data sources relevant to the study. This study applied qualitative descriptive study through the framework of the Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT)  proposed by Lakoff and Johnson (2008). Sentences which contain head metaphors were selected, analyzed, and categorized to relevant conceptual metaphors through the bridge of mappings to characterize the relationship between two concepts (source and target domains) in the metaphorical process and image schemas.  The findings of the study showed that head is mostly metaphorically used as a container which is conceptualized as a head is a container.The most image schemas used are containment schemas which show in-out,  full-empty,  and surface schemas. The image-schemas have indeed been shown to likely become the basis of numerous metaphorical constructions and have been helpful to understand how people cognize their world.


Keywords


Conceptual metaphors, head, image schemas, COCA, cognitive semantics

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bogman & Biglen. (1992). Qualitative Research for Education – An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Allya and Bacon: Boston and London

Gibbs, R. & T. Matlock. (2006). Psycholinguistics and mental representation, Cognitive Linguistics.

Gibbs, R. (1999) Taking Metaphor out of Our Heads and Putting it into the Cultural World. In Gibbs, R. and G. Steen (eds.), Metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics. John Benjamins, Amsterdam

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. 1980.Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Johnson, M. (1987) The Body in the Mind. The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Reason and Imagination. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Johnson, M. (1992) Philosophical Implications of Cognitive Semantics. Cognitive Linguistics

Kövecses, Z. and Radden, G. (1998) Metonymy, Developing a cognitive linguistic approach. Cognitive Linguistics

Krzeszowski, T.P. (1993) The Axiological Parameter in preconceptional image schemata. In: R.A. Geiger and B. Rudzka-Ostyn (eds.)

Conceptualisations and Mental Processing in Language. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Kresh JY, Armour JA. The heart as a self-regulating system: integration of homeodynamic mechanisms. Technol Health Care 1997;5:159–69. DOI:10.1016/j.ejcts.2004.11.026

Lakoff, G. (1993) The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor. In: A. Ortony (ed.) Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lakoff, G., Johnson, M. (1980) Metaphors We Live by. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press.

Saeed, I. John. (2003). Semantics. 2th Edition. Blackwell Publishing. Australia

Sirait, Asnita, Seva, K., & Lingga, T. R. (2020). Conceptualizing Corona Virus Metaphor in Media Headlines: A Cognitive Semantic Approach. English Journal Literacy Utama, 5(1), 278–286. https://doi.org/10.33197/ejlutama.vol5.iss1.2020.477

Subiyanto, P., et.al. (2019). Image Schema Analysis on Psalm 23: A Study of Metaphor Based on Cognitive Theory. E-journal of Linguistics, Vol 13. No. 1(86-92). https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eol/

Vyvyan Evans and Melanie Green (2006). Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction. Routledge




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22460/eltin.v10i1.p11-22

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 134 times
PDF - 82 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.