METODE FONIK DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA PERMULAAN BAHASA INGGRIS ANAK USIA DINI

Sharina Munggaraning Westhisi

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menginvestigasi mengenai implementasi metode fonik dalam pembelajaran membaca permulaan Bahasa Inggris untuk anak usia dini. Studi kasus dilakukan di I Can Read, sebuah lembaga bimbingan belajar Bahasa Inggris di Kota Bandung. Penelitian ini mencoba untuk menganalisis tahapan pembelajaran dan kendala yang dihadapi guru dalam pengimplementasian metode fonik. Analisis tematik digunakan dalam penelitian ini terhadap data wawancara, catatan observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tahapan pembelajaran disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan anak. Kemudian, kendala yang dirasakan oleh guru adalah keterbatasan waktu dan perbedaan kemapuan anak. Selain itu, guru-guru percaya bahwa implementasi metode fonik dalam pembelajaran membaca permulaan Bahasa Inggris untuk anak usia dini sudah sesuai karena tahapan pembelajarannya dimulai dari pengenalan bunyi huruf, pengenalan simbol huruf, hingga penggabungan bunyi huruf. Pembelajaran melalui metode fonik dapat dikolaborasikan dengan bermain dan bercerita agar suasana pembelajaran menjadi lebih menyenangkan bagi anak. Simpulan dari penelitian ini adalah implementasi metode fonik banyak membantu guru untuk memperkenalkan konsep bunyi huruf yang merupakan pondasi awal dalam pembelajaran membaca permulaan Bahasa Inggris.
Kata Kunci: Metode Fonik, Membaca Permulaan Bahasa Inggris, Anak Usia Dini

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22460/ts.v5i1p29-43.1271

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