Namirah Fatmanissa, Rahmat Sagara


This study aims to know the effect of language literacy and basic Mathematics competence toward students’ ability to solve word problems. The research was done by giving three sets of questions; language literacy (LL) set, basic Mathematics competence (BM) set, and word problems (WP) set; to the research sample.  Research sample was 315 tenth grade students from five schools in Jakarta. Score of students in each set was analyzed as research data. Score of LL set was treated as data of independent variable 1, score of BM set was treated as data of independent variable 2, and score of WP set as data of dependent variable. Preliminary data analyses, such as normality, validity, and reliability test, were done. Then, data was analyzed using Wilcoxon test and calculation of R-square. The result shows that each of independent variable affects dependent variable with BM variable has more effect on WP variable.


word problem; basic Mathematics competence; language literacy

Full Text:



Awofala, A. O., Balogun, T. A., & Olagunju, M. A. (2011). Effects of three modes of personalisation on students' achievement in mathematical word problems in Nigeria. International Journal for Mathematics Teaching & Learning.

Clement, J. J. (2008). Does Decoding Increase Word Problem Solving Skills?.Northeast: University of Nebraska-Lincoln accessed onMarch 5th, 2013 from

Conway, P & Sloane, F. C. (2005). International trend in post-primary mathematics education: Perspectives on learning, teaching and assessment. Washington DC: NCCA.

Gardner, H. J. (1999). Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for 21st century. New York: Basic Book.

Gardner, H. J. (2004). Frames of Mind: The theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Book.

Geary, D. C. (2000). From infancy to adulthood: The development of numerical abilities. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 9, S11-S16.

Gouthro, M, & Griffore, J. (2004). Leading Math Success: Mathematical Literacy. Ontario: Ontario Education, Accessed on November 16th, 2011 from

Huda, N., & Kencana, A. G. (2013). Analisis Kesulitan Siswa Berdasarkan Kemampuan Pemahaman dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita pada Materi Kubus dan Balok Di Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 30 Muaro Jambi. Prosiding SEMIRATA 2013, 1(1).

Kersaint, G., Thompson, D. R., & Petkova, M. (2014). Teaching mathematics to English language learners. Routledge.

Larwin, K. H. (2010). Reading is Fundamental in Predicting Math Achievement in 10th Graders?. IEJME-Mathematics Education, 5(3), 131-145

Lee, C. (2006). Language for Learning Mathematics: Assessment for Learning in Practice. New York: Open University Press.

Lave, J. (2016). Word problems: a microcosm of theories of learning. (2016). Context and Cognition: Ways of Learning and Knowing. London: Routledge.

Marjanović, M. M. (1999). A Broader way Through Themas of Elementary School Mathematics, II. The teaching of mathematics, (3), 81-103.

Moursund, D. (2007). Computational Thinking and Math Maturity: Improving Math Education in K-8 Schools (2nd Ed.). Oregon: University of Oregon.

Niss, M. (1998). Teacher qualifications and the education of teachers. In Perspectives on the Teaching of Geometry for the 21st Century (pp. 297-318). Springer Netherlands..

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2011). The PISA 2003 Assessment Framework-Mathematics, Reading, Science, and problem solving knowledge and skill. Paris: OECD Publishing

Ojose, B. (2008). Applying Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development to Mathematics Instruction.Journal of Mathematics Educator, 18(1), 26-30.

Rindyana, B. S. B., & Chandra, T. D. (2012). Analisis Kesalahan Siswa Dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Matematika Materi Sistem Persamaan Linear Dua Variabel Berdasarkan Analisis Newman (Studi Kasus MAN Malang 2 Batu). Artikel Ilmiah Universitas Negeri Malang.

Sammons, L. (2011). Building Mathematical comprehension: Using literacy strategies to make meaning. Huntington Beach: Shell Education

Schwanebeck, T. (2008). A study of summarization of word problems.Nebraska: University of Nebraska.

Seifi, M., Haghverdi, M., & Azizmohamadi, F. (2012). Recognition of students’ difficulties in solving mathematical word problems from the viewpoint of teachers. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2(3), 2923-2928.

Schoppek, W., & Tulis, M. (2010). Enhancing arithmetic and word-problem solving skills efficiently by individualized computer-assisted practice. The Journal of Educational Research, 103(4), 239-252..

Sutarni, M. (2011). Penerapan metode mind mapping dalam meningkatkan kemampuan mengerjakan soal cerita bilangan pecahan. Jurnal Pendidikan Penabur, 1(16), 26-33.

Vilenius‐Tuohimaa, P. M., Aunola, K., & Nurmi, J. E. (2008). The association between mathematical word problems and reading comprehension. Educational Psychology, 28(4), 409-426.

Wilson, W. S. (2009). Elementary school mathematics priorities. AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 6(1), 40-49.

Xin, Y. P. (2007). Word problem solving tasks in textbooks and their relation to student performance. The Journal of Educational Research, 100(6), 347-360.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.