PROMOTING LEARNING AUTONOMY THROUGH SELF-ACCESS CENTER ACITIVITIES
AbstractThis paper attempts to shed some light on the activities and facilities in one Self-Access Center (SAC) in one university in Bandung. On the ground of this investigation, a context description of SAC in university levels is put forward followed by an overt statement of the objectives and the rationales of the study. There are three research problems being investigated: What is the typology of the SAC? What are the self-access language learning (SALL) activities and materials provided in this SAC? And how do the students perceive the self-access language learning (SALL) activities and materials? This qualitative study reveals that this SAC is categorized into supermarket typology of SAC. This is because of the SAC system offers learners the chance to look around and choose what they want to study. This system displays materials under clearly marked categories like in supermarket. This typology of SAC is suitable for all learner contexts (Gardner and Miller, 2008). However, this SAC still lack the materials and activities for SALL. Further development, in terms of materials and activities which can promote learning autonomy should be done. Most students (72%) perceive positively about certain SAC facilities, such as books, resources, strong internet connection, and cozy environment of reading and writing area. However, there should be more improvement in certain SAC facilities (such as rooms for consultation with SAC tutor, TV viewing area) and certain SAC activities (such as English club and native speaker contact).Keywords: autonomy, self-access center (SAC), self-access language learning (SALL)
Bragarnote, M. (2005).SAC and Cooperative Learning.Linguagem&Ensino, Vol.8, No.2, 2005 (145-169). Available at http://www.scottishcorpus.ac.uk/corpus/search/document.php.
Desirato, O.D.B.H. and Jackson, J.H. (1976) Investigating Behavior: Principles of Psychology. New York: Harver and Row Publisher.
Dickinson, L. (1987). Self-Instruction in Language Learning.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ding, A. (2005). Laying the Foundations for a Self-Access Center.Available at IATEFL Learner Autonomy SIG Spring 2008.
Forgus, R.H. (1966). Perception: The Basic Process in Cognitive Development. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company.
Gardner, D. and Miller, L. (2008). Establishing Self-Access: From Theory to Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gremmo, M. J. and Rilley, P. (1995).Autonomy, Self-Instruction and Self-Access in Language Teaching and Learning.Available at: http://www.sisaljournal.org/archives/sep10
Harmer, J. (2007) 4th Edition.The Practice of English Language Teaching. Cambridge, UK: Longman.
Holec, H. (1981) Autonomy and Foreign Language Learning.London: Pergamon.
Hsu, J. (2007) Intergrating a Writing- Across-Curriculum Program into a Self-Access Learning Center.Proceeding of the 24th Conference on English Teaching and Learning. Taiwan: ERIC 496122.
Johnson, Donna M. (1992). Approaches to Research in Second Language Learning. New York: Longman.
Klassen, J. (1998). Does Self-Access Language Learning at the Tertiary Level Really Work? Asian Journal of English Language Teaching Vol.8, 1998, pp.55-80. Available at: http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/ajlt/vol8/art4
Kohayan, Aylin. (2009). The Evaluation of a Self-Access Center: A Useful Addition to Class-Based Teaching? System, Volume 37, Issue 4, December 2009, Pages 731-740. Available at www.csirus.com.Retrieved on Match 20, 2010.
Keeler, Stephen. (1982). Practising What We Preach: Teaching Teachers About Self-Directed Learning Through The Integrated Use of Self-AccesEnvironmentsin Teacher Training Course. System, Volume 10, Issue 3, 1982, Pages 259-268. Available at www.csirus.com.Retrieved on Match 20, 2010.
Van Lier. 1988. In Emi Emiliaâ€™s paper.
Little, D. (2000).Why Focus on Learning Rather than Teaching. Dublin: trinity College Press.
McMillan, J. H and Schumacher, S. (2001). Research in Education: A Conceptual Introduction. New York: Longman.
Morrison, Bruce. (2008). The Role of The Self-Access Center in The Tertiary Language Learning Process. System, Volume 36, Issue 2, June 2008, Pages 123-140. Available at www.csirus.com.Retrieved on March 20, 2010.
Reinders, H. (2007). Big Brother is Helping You: Supporting Self-Access Language Learning With a Student Monitoring System. System, Volume 35, Issue 1, March 2007, Pages 93-111 Available at www.csirus.com.
Riley, P. and Gremmo, M. (1995).Autonomy, Self-Direction And Self Access in Language Teaching and Learning: The History of an Idea. System, Volume 23, Issue 2, May 1995, Pages 151-164. Available at www.csirus.com.
Syathroh, IsryLaila. (2011). A Case Study of Self-Access Center (SAC) in One Vocational School in Bandung.Thesis.Indonesia University of Education.
Tamburini, F. (1999).A Multimedia Framework For Second Language Teaching In Self-Access Environments.Computers & Education, Volume 32, Issue 2, February 1999, Pages 137-149. Available at www.csirus.com.
Tellis, W. (1997) volume 3.Introduction to Case Study.Available at http//www.nove.edu/sss/QR/QR3-2/tellis1.html.
Yin, R. K. (1994) 2nd edition.Case Study Research Design and Methods. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.