Main Article Content


The objectives of the research are (1) to develop mathematics learning through Problem Based Learning (PBL) with social media assistance in improving students’ understanding toward statistics and (2) to find out the effectiveness of PBL with social media assistance. This research is a quasi-research with cluster random sampling. The cluster random sampling was employed to determine a control class and an experimental class. After treatment for each class, post-test was done. Then, the post-test data was analyzed through a T-test. The result is the mean score of post-test in experimental class was better than that in control class. It means PBL with social media assistance is more effective than the conventional model to teach statistics. The result was supported by a questionnaire that showed learning mathematics through PBL with social media assistance got a positive response from the students.


PBL with social media assistance conventional method students’ understanding toward statistics

Article Details


  1. Botty, H. M. R. H., Shahrill, M., Jaidin, J. H., Li, H. C., & Chong, M. S. F. (2016). The implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) in a year 9 mathematics classroom: A study in Brunei Darussalam. International Research in Education, 4(2), 34-47.
  2. Bouhnik, D., & Deshen, M. (2014). WhatsApp Goes to School: Mobile Instant Messaging between Teachers and Students. Journal of Information Education Research, 13, 217-231.
  3. Chatfield, C. (1995). Model Uncertainty, Data Mining, and Statistical Inference. JRSS-A, 158, 419–466.
  4. Frank, M., Lavy, I., & Elata, D. (2003). Implementing the Project Based Learning Approach in an Academic Engineering Course. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 13, 273-288.
  5. Gunduz, G. (2017). The Effect of Social Media on Identity Construction. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 8(5). DOI: 10.1515/mjss-2017-0026.
  6. Hamzah, R. E. (2015). Penggunaan Media Sosial di Kampus Dalam Mendukung Pembelajaran Pendidikan. Jurnal Wacana, XIV(1), 45–70.
  7. Hmelo-Silver, C. E. (2004). Problem-based learning: What and how do students learn?. Educational psychology review, 16(3), 235-266.
  8. Hmelo-Silver, C. E., & Barrows, H. S. (2006). Goals and strategies of a problem-based learning facilitator. Interdisciplinary journal of problem-based learning, 1(1), 4.
  9. Hrastinski, S. (2009). A Theory of Online Learning as Online Participation. Journal Computers and Education, 52(1), 78-82.
  10. Kartikawati, S., & Pratama, H. (2017). Pengaruh Penggunaan WhatsApp Messenger sebagai Mobile Learning Terintegrasi Metode Group Investigation Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis. JUPITER (Jurnal Pendidikan Teknik Elektro), 2(2), 33-38.
  11. Kazemi, F., & Ghoraishi, M. (2012). Comparison of Problem-based Learning Approach and Traditional Teaching on Attitude, Misconceptions and Mathematics Performance of University Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46 (1), 3852 – 3856.
  12. Keselman, H.J., Othman A.R., Wilcox, R.R., & Fradette, K. (2004). The New and Improved Two-Sample t Test. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 15(1), 47-51.
  13. Lee, H., & Bae, S. (2008). Issues in implementing a structured problem-based learning strategy in a volcano unit: A case study. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 6(4), 655-676.
  14. Mitchell, A., & Honore, S. (2008). E-learning–Critical for Success–the Human Factor. United Kingdom: Ashridge Business School.
  15. Mustaffa, N. B., Ismail, Z. B., Tasir, Z. B., & Mohamad Said, M. N. H. B. (2014). Problem-Based Learning (PBL) in Mathematics: a Meta Analysis. In International Education Postgraduate Seminar 2014, p301.
  16. Naidoo, J. & Kopung, K. J. (2016). Exploring the use of WhatsApp in Mathematics Learning: A Case Study. Journal of Communication, 7(2), 266-273.
  17. Nawi, A., Hamzah, M. I., Ren, C. C., & Tamuri, A. H. (2015). Adoption of Mobile Technology for Teaching Preparation in Improving Teaching Quality of Teachers. International Journal of Instruction, 8(2), 113-124.
  18. Nicholl, T. A., & Lou, K. (2012). A Model for Small-Group Problem-Based Learning in a Large Class Facilitated by One Instructor. American Journal of Pharmaceutical education,76(2), 117-124. DOI: 10.5688/ajpe766117
  19. Ningsih, Y. L., & Rohana, R. (2016). Prospective Teachers’ Ability in Mathematical Problem-Solving through Reflective Learning. Infinity Journal, 5(2), 75-82.
  20. Padmavathy & Mareesh, K. (2013). Effectiveness of Problem Based Learning In Mathematics. International Multidisciplinary, II(1) 45-51.
  21. Pallant, J. (2010). SPSS survival Manual: a Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS for Windows (3rd ed.). Maidenhead: Open University Press.
  22. Rubiah, M. (2016). Implementation of Problem Based Learning Model in Concept Learning Mushroom as a Result of Student Learning Improvement Efforts Guidelines for Teachers. Journal of Education and Practice, 22(7), 26-30.
  23. Sethi, V., Sethi V., & Jeyaraj, A. (2017). Enabling Context-based Learning with KPortal Webspace Technology. The Journal of Effective Teaching, 17(3), 38-58.
  24. Stephenson, J. (2001). Teaching & Learning Online: Pedagogies for New Technologies. Stylus Publishing, Inc., 22883 Quicksilver Dr., Sterling, VA 20166-2012.
  25. Sungkono, J., Yuliana, & Syaifuddin, M.W. (2014). Uji Efektifitas Strategi Pembelajaran Info Search Berbasis Pembelajaran Matematika Realistik (PMR) Pada Mata Kuliah Statistika Dasar 2. Jurnal MAGISTRA, 26(90), 28-36.
  26. Usman, M. (2016). On Consistency and Limitation of Independent t-test Kolmogorov Smirnov Test and Mann Whitney U test. IOSR Journal of Mathematics, 12(4), 22-27.
  27. Yogesh, K. S. (2006). Fundamental of Research Methodology and Statistics. New Delhi : New Age Internasional.
  28. Yuan, K. H. & Bentler, P.M. (1999). Tests for Mean and Covariance Structure Analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 24(3), 225-243.
  29. Yuliana, Y., Tasari, T., & Wijayanti, S. (2017). The Effectiveness Of Guided Discovery Learning To Teach Integral Calculus For The Mathematics Students Of Mathematics Education Widya Dharma University. Infinity Journal, 6(1), 01-10.
  30. Yuwono, M. R., & Syaifuddin, M. W. (2017). Pengembangan problem based learning dengan assessment for learning berbantuan smartphone dalam pembelajaran matematika. Beta Jurnal Tadris Matematika, 10(2), 184-202.
  31. Zancul, E. D. S., Sousa-Zomer, T. T., & Cauchick-Miguel, P. A. (2017). Project-based learning approach: improvements of an undergraduate course in new product development. Production, 27(SPE).